International Journal of Contemporary Research In Multidisciplinary, 2023;2(5):43-50
Inclusive Education and Modern Technology
Author: Dr. Gabriel Julien
Paper Type: review_paper
- Paper Received on: 2023-08-27
- Paper Accepted on: 2023-10-15
- Paper Revised on:
- Paper Published on: 2023-10-16
Inclusive education seeks to teach students in the same classroom environment where their distinct diversity and valuable contributions are always well received. In a truly inclusive environment, students feel comfortable, safe, and motivated to do their best. It is a well-known fact that the use of modern technology is swiftly altering the teaching and learning process. Dalton (2017) stated that the wide range of new tools and technologies available these days makes them even more accessible to all people, including the disabled. A more equitable society can only be created through inclusive education. It also forms a crucial part of educational systems that endeavor to raise the quality and equity of instruction for all students. UNICEF (2017) affirmed that inclusive education is a dynamic and continuous process that is ever evolving in keeping with the local culture and circumstances. Technology has the potential to support inclusive education. Thus, modern technology can be instrumental in creating authentic, inclusive environments that embrace all students, especially those with disabilities. Salas-Pilco et al. (2022) noted that the positive effects of technology depend solely on how it is applied during the teaching and learning process. They also emphasized that these new technologies offer more equal learning opportunities and can enhance inclusive education. Meaningful digital resources, culturally appropriate technology design, student and teacher training, and considering the histories and cultural settings of the learners are just a few of the factors that contribute to the effective use of technology. Salas-Pilco et al. (2022) acknowledged that while there is no concrete formula for creating inclusive classrooms, education institutions are free to use their approach to genuinely create inclusion.
Inclusive Education, Inclusion, Disability, Technology, Classroom, Environment
It is a fact that the use of modern technology is increasing rapidly. Lomellini et al. (2023) believed that over the last two decades, enrollment in online learning has continued to proliferate. They further added that many students with disabilities are also pursuing courses online. Due to this constant use of technology, Fuentes et al. (2021) admitted there is an urgent need for educational institutions to meet the needs of all students, including those with disabilities. Mention must be made that the use of inclusive environments and an adequate structure of educational institutions are paramount. All students must feel special within the learning environment (Corbett, Dumareq, and Tommasini, 2021). To this end, Fuentes et al. (2021) postulated that inclusive syllabi frequently foster and strengthen intercultural interactions and promote the sharing of diverse experiences and perspectives. These essential components ensure that all students feel accepted and appreciated within the learning environment (Germano and Nicholls, 2020). It is instructive to mention that published research has indubitably indicated that there is a paucity of information on this topic. At the time this study was conducted, a secondary search was also inconclusive on this particular issue. With the support of professional literature, this paper accentuated the significance of inclusive education and the use of modern technology. It presented a general overview of inclusive education and online learning. It also explored how modern technology can bolster inclusive learning environments within virtual educational contexts. This process is challenging and demanding. Nonetheless, it is strongly suggested that all those involved in education strive to promote and encourage the use of technology in inclusive education.